Biblical numerology is the study of numbers in the Bible. At the start of the Bible, the number seven is identified as being the number of completion, for all things have an end. The number seven in Scripture represents Divine perfection or completeness. Not every “7” in the Bible carries a significant meaning, sometimes “7” is just 7 without attaching a symbolic meaning to the text, especially when the Scripture does not give an explicit meaning. There are times that God does communicate the idea of divine completeness, perfection, and wholeness through the number 7 and perhaps not always in every instance of the number itself.
In creation week, the first 6 days, God created the heavens and the earth. On the 7th day, God rested. God rested not because He was tired but to set the standard for mankind to follow. He desired rest for us because it does not come naturally to us. To rest, we have to trust that God will take care of things for us. We have to trust that the world will not stop turning on its axis if we take a day off. It is only in Christ that we find the ultimate rest. Only in Him can we find our complete rest from the cares of the world, the sorrows that plague us, and from the need to work to make ourselves acceptable to Him. We can now cease from our spiritual labors and rest in Him, not just one day a week, but always. (Matt. 11:28; 1 Pet. 5:7)
Worldwide there are 7 days observed in a week. God has set the 7th day as a day of rest, referred to as the Sabbath (Deut. 5:12).
The number seven is used in the Bible more than 700 times. It is used in the Book of Revelation more than 50 times. If we were to count other phrases such as “7 x 7” or “Sevenfold,” the count would be higher.
Significant Old Testament Principles Using “7”
- Noah was commanded to bring 7 pairs of every clean animal on the ark (Gen. 7:2).
- For the sin offering, the priest was commanded to sprinkle the blood 7 times before the Lord (Lev. 4:6).
- 7 days of consecration and 7 days and nights for atonement were commanded by Moses for Aaron and his sons (Lev. 8:33-35).
- The Israelites were commanded to eat unleavened bread for 7 days (Deut. 16:3).
- Marion was put outside the camp for 7 days for speaking against Moses (Num. 12:15).
- Naaman was told to wash in the Jordan River 7 times to be completely cleansed of Leprosy (2 Ki. 5:10).
- Joshua was commanded to march around Jericho, and on the 7th day, 7 priests, each with a trumpet, were to make a long blast (Joshua 6:4-5).
(There were many other occurrences in which the act of ” 7″ was required, but this list of ” 7″ is sufficient in making a point.)
- Passover (Ex. 12)
- Feast of Unleavened Bread (Ex. 12:8; 29:2; Num. 9:11)
- Feast of First Fruits (Lev. 23:9: Deut. 26:1-11)
- Feast of Weeks (Lev. 23)
- Feast of Trumpets (Num. 29:1)
- Day of Atonement (Lev. 23:27-28)
- Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:43)
7 Spirits of the Messiah (Isaiah 11:1-2)
- The Spirit of the Lord
- The Spirit of Wisdom
- The Spirit of Understanding
- The Spirit of Counsel
- The Spirit of Might
- The Spirit of Knowledge
- The Spirit of Fear of the Lord
7 Fold “I AM” Statements in the Gospel of John
- I AM the Bread of Life – He is the Bread that sustains us. He gives us the daily nourishment that we all need. (John 6:48)
- I AM the Light of the World – He brings the energy of light into the darkness of this world. (John 8:12)
- I AM THE DOOR (John 10:9)
- I AM THE GOOD SHEPHERD (John 10:11)
- I AM THE WAY, THE TRUTH, AND THE LIFE (John 14:6)
- I AM THE RESURRECTION AND THE LIFE (John 11:25)
- I AM THE TRUE VINE (John 15:1)
7 things that are an abomination to the Lord (Prov. 6:16)
- haughty eyes
- a lying tongue
- hands that shed innocent blood
- a heart that devises wicked schemes
- feet that are quick to rush into evil
- a false witness who pours out lies
- a man who stirs up dissension among brothers.
7 Parables in Matthew Chapter 13
- The Parable of the Sower (v. 1-23).
- The Parable of the Weeds (v. 24-30).
- The Parable of the Mustard Seed (v. 31-32).
- The Parable of the Yeast (v. 33-35).
- The Parable of the Weeds Explained (v. 36-43).
- The Parable of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl (v. 44-45).
- The Parable of the Net (v. 47-52).
7 Woes to the Scribes and Pharisees (Matt. Chapter 23)
#1 – Woe to you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You shut the kingdom of heaven in men’s faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let those enter who are trying to in. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation (v. 13-14).
#2 – Woe to you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to win a single convert and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are (v. 15).
#3 – Woe to you blind guides! You say, “If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath. You blind fools! Which is greater: the gold or the temple that makes the gold sacred? You also say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it means nothing; but if anyone swears by the gift on it, he is bound by his oath.’ You blind men! Which is greater the gift, or the altar that makes the gift sacred? Therefore, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the one who dwells in it. And he who swears by heaven swears by God’s throne and by the one who sits on it (v. 16-22).
#4 – Woe to you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices, mint, dill, and cumin. But you have neglected the more important law, justice, mercy, and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter without neglecting the former. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel (v.23-24).
#5 – Woe to you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but the inside, they are full of greed and self-indulgence. Blind Pharisee! First, clean the inside of the cup and dish, and then the outside also will be clean (v. 25-26).
#6 – Woe to you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside, but on the inside are full of dead men’s bones and everything unclean. In the same way, on the outside, you appear to people as righteous, but on the inside, you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness (v. 27-28).
#7 – Woe to you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous. And you say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our forefathers, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets. So you testify against yourselves that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets. Fill up, then, the measure of the sin of your forefather! (v. 29-32).(In this last “Woe,” Jesus points out the hypocrisy in their claim to have regards for the prophets, in reality, they were the sons of their fathers. Not only would they have killed the prophets in the “days of their father,” but they proved they were capable of killing the Son of God. They would fill up the measure of the wickedness in this action. But the Pharisees did not listen; they would not change their ways.)
7 Letters to 7 Churches (Book of Rev. 1:11)
7 Mysteries (Rev. 1:20)
- 7 Golden Lampstands (Rev. 1:12)
- 7 Spirits (Rev. 1:4)
- 7 Seals of Judgment (Rev. 5:1)
- 7 Bowls (Rev. 16:1).
- 7 Stars (Rev. 1:16)
- 7 Angels with 7 Trumpets (Rev. 8:2)
#1. Adamic Covenant (Gen. 3:16-19)
- Covenant made between God and mankind
- The promise of land (Gen. 12:1)
- The promise of descendants (Gen. 12:2)
- The promise of blessings and redemption (Gen. 12:3)
#2. The Noahic Covenant (Gen. 9:8-17)
- Made between God and Noah, and all of his descendants, as well as every living creature.
- God promised to never again destroy all life on earth with a flood (Gen. 9).
- The Covenant is sealed with the promise of a rainbow (2 Pet. 2:5).
#3. The Abrahamic Covenant (Gen. 12:1-3; 6-7; 15; 17:1-4; 22:15-18).
- Made between God and Abraham
- God promised to make Abraham’s name great (Gen. 12:2).
- He promised to make Abraham a father of many nations.
- The families of the earth would be blessed through Abraham.
#4. The Palestinian Covenant (Also known as the Land Covenant)
- Amplifies the land aspect that was detailed in the Abrahamic Covenant
- According to the terms of this covenant, if the people disobeyed, God would cause them to be scattered worldwide (Deut. 30:3-4). Eventually, God would restore the nation (v.5).
- When the nation is restored, then they will obey Him perfectly (v.8), and God will cause them to prosper (v.9)
#5. The Mosaic Covenant (Exodus Chpts. 19 – 24)
- Conditional Covenant
- Blessings for obedience or Curses for disobedience.
- Made between God and the nation of Israel (Ex. Chpts. 19-24; Ex. 19:6).
- Ten Commandments and the Law (Ex. 20).
- The Old Covenant replaced the New Covenant (Heb. 8:6, 13).
#6. The Davidic Covenant
- The promise to David and Israel of the coming Messiah from David’s lineage and the tribe of Judah
- His kingdom would be established forever.
(The surety of the promise made rests solely on God’s faithfulness and does not depend on David or Israel’s obedience, but solely on God’s faithfulness.)
#7. The New Covenant (Jere. 31:31-34)
- Made between God and the nation of Israel and ultimately with all mankind.
- God promises to forgive sin
- Universal knowledge of the Lord
- Freedom from the Law (Matt. 5:17)
- The free gift of eternal salvation (Eph. 2:8-9)
- Dispensation of Innocence (Gen. 1:28-30; 2:15-17)
- Dispensation of Conscience (Gen. 3:8 – 8:22)
- Dispensation of Human Government (Gen. 8)
- The Dispensation of Promise (Gen. 12:1 – Exodus 19:25)
- Dispensation of Law (Exodus 19 – 23)
- Dispensation of Grace (Luke 22:20)
- The Millennial Kingdom of Christ (Rev. 20:11-14)
(Dispensationalism is a method of interpreting history that divides God’s work and purposes toward mankind into different periods of time.)
It appears that the number seven is of substantial significance to our Creator. The beginning of creation starts with the number seven, and the unveiling of the Book of Revelation takes us through a series of occurrences based on multiples of seven’s. We can see that every rule, precept, dispensation, law, commandment, and proverbs have all been established by the manifold wisdom of God.
What makes number seven significant to man is God’s repetitious use of it throughout the Bible. In man’s quest for knowledge, he searches the use of repetitious patterns throughout the Bible with hopes of unlocking biblical formulas and secrets. Numbers seem to be key factors in searching the scriptures for biblical knowledge and understanding (Dan. 9:20-27).
Many people believe that the number seven has some sort of magic or luck attached to it. There isn’t anything in the Bible that is based on magic or luck. In God’s kingdom, blessings or curses have been established by conditions.
So, you may ask, “Why is the number seven considered to be the number of perfection?” Because the number “7” signifies completion or perfection, it is often called “God’s number” since He is the only One who is perfect and complete. (Rev. 1:20)
I hope that you found this information helpful and useful to aid in your biblical studies. My prayer is that you would be enriched, and enlightened. May your understanding increase as you seek the holy things of God.
Blessings to you!